Trote y Galope

The Trote y Galope is a member of the Caballos de Paso. They are primarily bred in five countries: Colombia, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Cuba and America (USA).

The Trote y Galope is distinguished for its smooth as silk diagonal two-beat gait known as the Trote. Two feet in the air at a time: left front and right rear then right front and left rear. Due to the interval between steps, there is little jarring or bouncing found in the trot of most horses. 

Celestina Farm's mare Pandora (Photo courtesy of Cheri Prill Photography)

Celestina Farm's mare Pandora             Photo courtesy of Cheri Prill Photography

The Galope gait is a three-beat like a lope. It starts by impelling with the right rear, then left front, followed by both remaining feet together. It is a gait for a queen, as gentle as a carousel horse.

The official organization for the breeds known as Trocha and Trote y Galope in the USA is the ATTA, the American Trote and Trocha Association.

TROTE (Trot): A two-beat movement made of the alternate beat of successive diagonal legs, which produces a dry sound as the legs hit the ground in the following manner: tas tas tas tas.

GALOPE (Gallop): A movement of diagonal steps executed in a three beat series: the first beat is executed by the impulse of one hind leg, a second beat is characterized by the landing of the opposite hind leg and its diagonal fore leg, a third beat marks the landing of the opposite foreleg from the one that initiated the three beat movement. The sound produced is: catorce, catorce, catorce, or one two, three, one two three, one two three.


WHAT IS DIAGONAL TROT? It is a form of traveling of many breeds of horses. This movement involves the lifting and placing of the diagonal limbs (left hind leg and right front leg T1, and substituting its weight for the other hind leg and front leg T2). T1= first tempo and T2= second tempo; to create a cycle that moves and touches the ground with its four legs. Horses with this modality are known as the Paso Trote-Galope and the movement is a four beat rhythm. All of these movements are transmittable and executed with ease.

ORIGIN OF THE TROTE-GALOPE HORSE: We know and accept that the Spanish Conquistadors brought their horses to Latin America in 1493, arriving first in the island known today as the Dominican Republic.

WHAT QUALITY OF HORSES ARRIVED TO LATIN AMERICA? If for the second voyage, the great Colon brought horses and their supplies along with the other great treasures, plus all of the obstacles that were overcome, we assume that the horses in the small ships were the best war-horses.

WHAT MODALITY DID THE SPANISH HORSES HAVE THAT CONQUERED AND COLONIZED AMERICA? These horses were Trote and Galope and other horses performed what was called Ambladura or Andadura and its derived movements. The numbers of each modality will never be known. It is important to note that the Spanish learned from the Arabs that stallions were the only horses they rode and the mares were brought along just for breeding purposes.

Article courtesy and copyright AMERICAN TROTE & TROCHA ASSOCIATION, INC.